The Correlates of Panethnic Identification: Assessing Similarities and Differences among Latinos and Asians in the United States


Latinos and Asian-Americans constitute the largest recent immigrant groups in the United States. Upon arrival, immigrants from these groups generally identify with their national origin despite being categorized as ?Asian? or ?Latino? for state enumeration. While both are racialized and excluded from mainstream identities, they differ in their internal linguistic and religious diversities, socioeconomic status, and immigration experiences. Sociologists theorized that Asian-American panethnicity is based on structural commonalities while Latino panethnicity is built upon cultural commonalities. We elaborate the theoretical understanding of contexts associated with this identification and find alternative underpinnings that shape both groups? panethnic identification. We find generation since immigration is a common basis for elevated likelihood of panethnic identification for both groups. However, among Asian-Americans, we find English proficiency and age increase people?s odds of identifying with a panethnic identity over a national origin term, whereas for Latinos, political affiliation and religiosity increase these odds.

Sociological Perspectives, 65(4):702-726
Kelsey E. Gonzalez, PhD
Kelsey E. Gonzalez, PhD
Sr Data Scientist

Data Scientist; Computational Social Scientist.